1922hair.jpgThe Year of Flappers

1922 – the year of flappers. While no flu vaccine could save the 804 lives who died in Britain, diabetics were given hope by the first treatment of insulin made in this year. DeWitt and Lila Wallace published the first issue of “Reader’s Digest” and Christian K. Nelson patented Eskimo Pies. Pope Benedict XV died while the British government releases the remaining Irish prisoners captured in the War of Independence. Disarmament is the key as the United States, France, Britain, Japan, and Italy sign the Five Power Naval Disarmament Treaty. News began to travel throughout the country and world as the first radio was installed in the White House under President Warren G. Harding. Later in the year, President Harding gives his first radio speech to the nation. After World War I, Great Britain proclaims Egypt formally independent, but controls politics and country militarily. Challenges begin about the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution – only the beginning of the controversy to occur in a few years. The State of Massachusetts opens all public offices to women later in the year. The United Kingdom no longer has control of Egypt and USS Langley becomes the first US Navy aircraft carrier was commissioned.
In Europe, Stalin appoint General Secretary of Central Committee of Soviet Communist Party and the Genoa Conference commences in Genoa, where representatives of 34 countries convene to speak about monetary economics in the wake of World War I. In the United States, the Teapot Dome Scandal occurs when the Interior leases Teapot Dome oil reserves in Wyoming, which causes a stir. The Yankee Stadium begins construction, thankfully not in the same location as the 20 ton meteorite that lands near Blackstone, Virginia. The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington, DC. In the same month the Weimar republic foreign minister, Walter Rathenau, was assassinated and his murderers captured, the Irish Republic Army agents assassinate British field marshall, Henry Hughes Wilson, in Belgravia. The Irish Civil War begins, Morocco revolts against the Spanish, and the Turkish large-scale attack opens against Greek forces in Afyon. Japan agrees to withdraw its troops from Siberia and Turkish forces pursue withdrawing Greek troops enter Izmir.
The end of summer marked the highest temperature recorded in history taken in 136.4 degrees in El Aziziyah, Libya in the shade! Fire starts, fueled by Turkish troops, destroying most of Smyrna and killing 100,000 people. The first play presented on stage at the Munich Kammerspiele was “Drums in the Night” by Bertolt Brecht. BBC (British Broadcasting Company) is formed in England and later begins the first radio service in the United Kingdom, called 2LO. In Italy, the March on Rome with Fascism views obtains power and Benito Mussolini becomes prime minister. The Ottoman Empire is abolished and the last sultan, Mehmed VI Vahdettin, is abdicated. The former Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VI leaves for exile in Italy and Abdul Mejid II, the Crown Prince of Ottoman Empire, is elected Caliph. The United Kingdom’s general election is forced by the Conservatives’ withdrawal from the coalition government, the Conservative Party wins an overall majority (also known as 1922 Committee). Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to enter the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun in over 3,000 years.
In the United States, Rebecca Felton of Georgia takes an oath of office, becoming the first woman United States senator. The British Parliament enacts the Irish Free State Constitution Act, which legally sanctions the new Constitution of the Irish Free State. The Irish Free State begins with George V, becoming the Free State’s monarch. Gabriel Narutowicz, president of Poland, is assassinated. Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Transcaucasia come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The Inter-Parliamentary Union is established, as well as the Molly Pitcher Club formed to promote the repeal of prohibition in the United States. Thomas Webb founds the Webb School for Boys. Barbary lion, Amur tiger, Californian grizzly bears become extinct. Japan also signs a naval arms limitation treaty with Western powers and returns some control over Shandong Peninsula to China. The Weimar Republic proposes a moratorium on reparations for three years, and then Assyrian and Greek genocides occur. Betty White, Judy Garland, and Alexander Graham Bell were a few of the famous births that occurred in 1922.